Like past Chancellors, Gerhard Schröder worked to ensure that Germany remains aware of its historical responsibility and continues to inform later generations about the crimes committed by Adolf Hitler and the National Socialists.. One of Schröder’s central projects was the establishment of the Foundation “Remembrance, Responsibility, Future”, which compensated more than 1.6 million former slave and forced workers for the extreme suffering they endured in Hitler’s Germany. In 1999 the Bundestag resolved to erect a memorial in Berlin to the murdered Jews of Europe; the monument and its information center opened six years later. Gerhard Schröder represented Germany at the 2000 International Holocaust Conference in Stockholm, in which 40 nations promised to keep the memory of the Holocaust alive and to continue to fight antisemitism and racism. In 2001 the Jewish Museum in Berlin was opened and made a federal foundation. On 27 January 2003 – the memorial day for the victims of National Socialism – Schröder signed a historic treaty with the Central Council of Jews in Germany, who pronounced it to be an extremely significant expression of Jewish confidence in Germany’s society and democracy. In 2004 and 2005 – 60 years after the end of Second World War – Schröder represented Germany at a number of remembrance days abroad, including events commemorating the Allied landing in Normandy, the liberation of Buchenwald, the Warsaw Uprising, and the official end of the war.
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